Peng Hengwu, male, Han nationality, was born in Changchun, Jilin Province. He is a native of Macheng, Hubei Province. Peng obtained a doctorate degree in philosophy from Edinburgh University in Britain.
Peng engaged in research on the basis and application of theoretical physics. He also conducted studies on nucleus, two particle chemical bonds, technique for rapid heating steel ingot, theory of reactors, engineering design, and critical safety.
Peng is credited with contributing to the research and theoretical design of atom bombs and hydrogen bombs for the first generation in China.
In 1955, he was elected as an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.