Liu Jiankang, male, Han nationality, is a native of Wujiang, Jiangsu Province. He graduated from Suzhou Dongwu University in 1938.
Early in his career, Liu engaged in research about ichthyology, carrying out special research on the reverse sexual phenomena of eel. In 1944, he published 'Stock Hermaphroditism of Eel.' After 1949, he focused on research about fish ecology and freshwater ecology. He also participated in and led fish ecological surveys in Liangzi Lake of Hubei Province and in the upper, middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. Liu provided first hand systematic data for the ecology of freshwater fish in China.
Liu participated in and led fishery output experiments and water body biological production force research for Donghu Lake, Wuhan. Following the ecological research about Donghu Lake, Liu contributed to the development of China's freshwater fishery and freshwater ecological studies in both theory and practice.