Zhou Xiaochuan, male, Han nationality, is a native of Yixing City of Jiangsu Province. He was born in 1948 and graduated from Beijing Chemical Engineering Institute with a Bachelor Degree in 1975 and Tsinghua University with a Doctorate Degree in 1985.
Zhou spent his career working in China's leading trade and finance organizations. He served as a vice-governor of the People's Bank of China and governor of the China Construction Bank. In 2000 he was appointed chairman of the China Securities Regulatory Commission.
Zhou was a member of the 16th and 17th CPC Central Committees. From 2002 to 2018 Zhou served as Governor of People's Bank of China.