Liu Guoguang, male, Han nationality, graduated from the Economics Department of Cumming National Southwest United University in 1946. He received an associate Doctorate from Soviet Union Moscow State Institute of Economics in 1955.
Well-known in China for his work as an economist, Liu has been affiliated with the China Academy of Social Science since 1955. He was a researcher and deputy director at the academy's economy institute and later served as the deputy director of the institute. Liu also was the deputy director-general of the National Bureau of Statistics.
In 1982, he became the vice-dean of the academy's economy institute. In the 1990s, he was a special invited consultant to the institute. Liu was a member of the standing committee at the National Party Congress.